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Botanical Gardens
Kebon Raya Bogor
botanical garden


sepatu merah At the heart of Bogor are the huge, world-class botanical gardens, known as the Kebun Raya (Great Garden) covering an area of around 80 hectares. They are said to be the inspiration of Governor-General Raffles, but the spacious grounds of the Istana Bogor (Presidential Palace) were converted to botanical gardens by the Dutch botanist Professor Reinwardt, with assistants from Kew Gardens (London, UK), and officially opened by the Dutch in 1817. It was from these gardens that various colonial cash crops such as tea, cassava, tobaco, and cinchona were developed by early Dutch researchers during the so-called Forced Cultivation Period in the 19th century. The park is still a major centre for botanical research in Indonesia.
lotus putih The gardens contain streams and lotus ponds and more than 15,000 species of trees and plants, including 400 types of magnificent palms. The gardens' orchid houses are reputed to contain more than 3000 orchid varieties and are open to the general public. Admission to orchid houses is Rp.1000. North of the main entrance to the gardens is a small monument in memory of Olivia Raffles, who died in 1814 and was buried in Batavia, and further north, near the palace, is a cemestry with Dutch headstones. The cafetaria on the eastern side of the gardens, has fine view across the lawns and is a pleasant place for a snack or drink.
The gardens are open between 8 AM and 5 PM and, although they tend to be crowded on Sundays; on others days they are a very peaceful escape from the hassles and crowds of Jakarta. The entrance fee is Rp.5000 on weekdays and Rp.4000 on Sundays and holidays. The southern gate is the main entrance, other gates are only open on Sundays and holidays.
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Di jantung kota Bogor, terdapat taman kota yang sangat luas (80 ha) yang terkenal dengan nama Kebun Raya Bogor. Kebun ini merupakan peninggalan Gubernur Jenderal Raffles, yang sebelumnya merupakan taman dari Istana Bogor kemudian dirubah menjadi kebun penelitian botani oleh ahli botani Belanda Profesor Reinwardt dan asistennya dari Kew Gardens (London, UK), dan resmi dibuka oleh pemerintah Belanda tahun 1817.
Pada awalnya kebun ini dipergunakan untuk penelitian dan pengembangan tanaman seperti teh, kopi dll. Saat ini kebun raya menjadi pusat riset botani Indonesia.
Kebun raya dibagi menjadi dua oleh sungai Ciliwung dan di dalamnya terdapat bunga teratai raksasa; serta terdapat lebih dari 15.000 jenis pohon dan tumbuhan, termasuk 400 jenis pohon palem. Rumah anggrek kebun raya memiliki lebih dari 3000 varitas dan dibuka untuk umum, dengan tiket masuk Rp.1000.
kambojaDi sebelah Utara pintu masuk utama terdapat monumen kecil untuk mengenang Olivia Raffles yang meninggal tahun 1814 dan dimakamkan di Batavia. Kebun raya dibuka pada jam 8 pagi s/d 5 sore. Pada hari Minggu dan hari libur kebun raya sangat ramai dengan pengunjung. Harga tanda masuk Rp.5000 untuk hari biasa, Rp.4000 untuk hari Minggu dan libur. Pintu gerbang utama ada di sebelah Selatan, sedangkan pintu-pintu yang lain hanya dibuka pada hari Minggu dan libur.


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